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admin@evolutionskinclinic.com

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267 Edward St.
Brisbane CBD, QLD 4000

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Our Treatments

Our treatments are naturally based and aim to reduce the ageing process of skin, hydrate it so it recovers that youthful glow.

Ageing & Wrinkles

As ageing occurs, a person's skin cells divide more slowly, and the inner skin, or dermis, starts to thin. Wrinkles develop as we get older because natural substances such as collagen (the major structural protein in the skin), elastin (the protein that causes tissue to stretch) and hyaluronic acid (which gives skin volume), which provide the skin with structure and volume decrease with age. The skin's ability to retain moisture diminishes; the sweat and oil-secreting glands degenerate, depriving the skin of their protective water-lipid emulsions.

As a consequence, the skin becomes dry and scaly. Skin loses its elasticity; when pressed, it no longer springs back to its initial position but instead sags and forms furrows or wrinkles. In addition, the ability of the skin to repair itself diminishes with ageing, so wounds are slower to heal. Frown lines (lines between the eyebrows) and crow's feet (lines that radiate from the corners of the eyes) appear because of persistent small muscle contractions. Habitual facial expressions also form characteristic lines and contribute to the formation of jowls and drooping eyelids. Anti-ageing skin care, as recommended by Australian cosmetic clinics, is designed to combat some of these skin ageing processes, and to reduce wrinkles.

 

Sun Damage (Photoageing)

The skin can also age prematurely as a result of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun (called extrinsic ageing or photoageing). Sun damage is one of the most important causes of skin ageing and skin disorders such as skin cancers. Overall, exposure to ultraviolet (referred to as UVA or UVB) radiation from sunlight accounts for about 90% of the symptoms of premature skin ageing, and most of these effects occur by age 20. Both UVA and UVB rays cause damage leading to wrinkles, lower immunity against infection, ageing skin disorders, and skin cancer.

Even small amounts of UV radiation damage collagen fibres and cause accumulation of abnormal elastin. During sun damage, large amounts of enzymes are produced. These enzymes remodel the sun-injured tissue by synthesising and reforming collagen. As part of the process, however, some of the enzymes actually degrade collagen. The result is an uneven formation (matrix) of disorganised collagen fibres called solar scars, which eventually result in wrinkles. Effectively protecting the skin from sun damage is one of the most important ways to reduce wrinkles and prevent skin cancer.

 

Other Factors

Other environmental factors, including cigarette smoke and pollution, may hasten ageing by producing free radicals. In large amounts, free radicals can damage cell membranes and interact with genetic material, possibly contributing to the development of a number of skin disorders, including wrinkles and, more importantly, skin cancer. Rapid weight loss can also cause wrinkles by reducing the volume of fat cells that cushion the face. This can cause the skin to sag.

Where Do Wrinkles Form?

Individuals differ but generally facial wrinkles and folds are formed over the years in the areas shown.

The names given to the wrinkles and folds in each area are labelled.

Who is most likely to have wrinkles?

The vast majority of undesirable consequences of skin ageing occur in individuals who are repetitively exposed to the UV rays of the sun, notably farmers, fishermen, construction workers, lifeguards, outdoor enthusiasts, and sun-worshippers. People who live in areas where the earth's protective ozone layer is thinning, may be more likely to have sun-damaged skin. Ethnicity also influences a person's susceptibility to skin ageing. Individuals with fair complexions, and those who have blue, green, or grey eyes, and red or blond hair, are more susceptible to photoageing than those with darker skin. Nonetheless, premature ageing from sunlight can affect all ethnic groups and everybody needs to be aware of the importance of good sun protection, as a fundamental part of anti-ageing skin care. Cigarette smokers are more prone to skin wrinkles and skin cancers. According to one study, heavy smokers are almost five times as likely to have wrinkled facial skin than non-smokers. In fact, heavy smokers in their 40s often have facial wrinkles more like those of nonsmokers in their 60s. A study of 25 sets of twins found smokers to have thinner skin than non-smokers, in some cases by as much as 40%.

 

What are the different wrinkle treatments?

Although our skin is able to replace old cells with new ones, over time this natural exfoliating process begins to slow down. With our wide range of anti aging treatments, we can find a solution to remove the rough upper layer of skin and to stimulate rejuvenation of new skin cells. The result is tighter, smoother skin that is relatively free of fine lines and blemishes.

 

Can wrinkles be prevented?

Avoiding intense overexposure to sunlight

The best way to prevent sun-damaged skin and skin cancers and to reduce wrinkles in any case is to avoid episodes of excessive sun exposure, particularly during the hours of 10am to 4pm when sunlight delivers 80% of its total daily UV rays. Reflective surfaces, such as sand, concrete, and white-painted areas should be avoided. Clouds and haze are not protective, and in some cases may intensify UVB rays. The intensity of UV rays depends on the angle of the sun, not heat or brightness. Sun lamps and tanning beds provide mostly UVA rays, and some experts believe that 15 to 30 minutes at a tanning salon are as dangerous as a day spent in the sun.

 

Sunscreens & Sunblocks

Sunscreens and sunblocks, used generously, are recommended by Australian cosmetic doctors to reduce wrinkles and skin ageing as well as to help prevent skin cancers. They represent an important part of anti-ageing skin care. It is important not to use sunscreen in order to stay out in the sun longer as it could actually lead to more seriously sun-damaged skin, ageing the skin without the warning of sunburn. It should be noted, however, that people don't apply enough sunscreen and many of the studies conducted on older sunscreens before the development of newer products with high sun protection factors (SPF30+) showed they actually offered little sun protection. Sunscreens should be used in combination with other sun protection measures such as protective sunglasses and clothing. Any sunscreen should contain a wide spectrum of UVA-blocking ingredients, which include butyl methoxydibenzoyl-methane (also called avobenzone or Parsol 1789), dioxybenzone, oxybenzone, sulisobenzone, methyl anthranilate, octocrylene, and octyl methoxycinnamate or ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate. Assuming the same ingredients are used, inexpensive products work as well as expensive ones. Waterproof formulas last for about 40 minutes in the water, whereas water-resistant formulas last half as long. Sunblocks prevent nearly all UVA and UVB rays from reaching the skin, but to be fully protective they must contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.

 

Calculating SPF's & using sunscreens

The SPF is an indexed number based on the amount of UV radiation required to turn sunscreen- or sunblock-treated skin red compared to non-treated skin. Sunscreens should not be used on babies younger than six months. Older children should apply sunscreen of at least SPF 15. For adults, any sunscreen or sunblock used should have an SPF factor of 15 or higher; adults who rarely tan and burn easily should use SPF 30. Sunscreen or sunblock should be applied liberally 15 to 30 minutes before going outdoors and reapplied every two hours or so even on overcast days and especially after exercise or swimming.

 

Protective sunglasses & clothing

Wearing clothing that provides sun protection is extremely important and protects even better than sunscreen. Everyone, including children, should wear hats with wide brims. Clothing is being designed for blocking UV rays and is being rated using the UPF (ultraviolet protection factor) index, with 50+ UPF being the highest. People should look for loosely fitted, unbleached, tightly woven fabrics. Washing clothes over and over improves UPF by drawing fabrics together during shrinkage. Clothing treated with a new compound called Rayosan increases the UPF rating of normal summer-weight cotton by 300%. Eye protection is also very important, and everyone over age one should wear protective sunglasses that block all UVA and UVB rays when in the sun.

 

Daily Preventive skin care

People are encouraged to wash their face with a mild non-soap cleanser as part of their daily facial skin care routine. Alkaline soaps, especially with deodorant, should be avoided. The skin should be patted dry and a water-based moisturiser (ideally with SPF 30 filter) applied immediately to prevent further dehydration. Hundreds of skin care creams and lotions are available which claim to reduce wrinkles, although very few have clinical data to support their claims.

 

Healthy Lifestyle

Needless to say, a healthy lifestyle is the best way to reduce wrinkles long-term: Daily exercise to improve circulation, a healthy diet with plenty of whole grains and fresh fruits and vegetables, staying out of the sun or wearing sunscreen, and on-going methods for reducing stress and tension will all help reduce the visible signs of ageing.